We should likewise mention the dating of the source material we have chosen is rarely 100 percent positive, as almost no example contains an inscription or date. However, unlike the mysterious Turkmen rug, some of these weavings can be confidently assigned to certain specific geographic location and time period based on their archaeological discovery, technical characteristics and properties, C14 dating of their constituent materials as well as artworks found along side them.

Some can be even more assuredly identified, including dated, based on new scholarly and scientific research, something that is sorely lacking in Turkmen knotted-pile carpet studies.

While we realize the probability future revisions and changes will be made to the dates that now exist for some of this source material, there is little doubt these examples will always pre-date any extant Turkmen weaving, or classical rug, by many century. Nor should our premise these textiles, certain classical carpets and historic Turkmen weavings share a history of common design generation and developmental history be considered any less valid.

The rather wide geographic distribution for the target group of textiles, from Spain in the west to western China in the east, the often great distances from Turkmenistan and time periods of production is daunting. However the very long established and continued movement of goods and services from west to east, and vis-a-versa, over and through the northern and southern silk road trade routes provides ample justification for a fluid transmission and dissemination of certain designs and iconographies. In fact, we believe this trade contributed to and facilitated the development of Turkmen pile rug iconography and its distinctive grid-gol format.

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